Mini How To…. Installing MINIDLNA in Ubuntu


MINIDLNA is a Universal Plug and Play Media (UPnP) DLNA Streaming Server which can be used to stream locally stored video to DLNA equipped TVs and well as to other PCs using software like XBMC (now called KODI) and VideoLAN (VLC).

Whilst there are other programs out their like MediaTomb that do a similar thing, MiniDLNA is more lightweight and provides better support for media formats.

To install, from Terminal enter

sudo apt-get install minidlna

 

Once installed you will need to edit the configuration file

sudo nano etc/minidlna.conf

Go to the section below and under the line ‘media_dir=/var/lib/minidlna’ add the path to your media.

# Path to the directory you want scanned for media files.
#
# This option can be specified more than once if you want multiple directories
# scanned.
#
# If you want to restrict a media_dir to a specific content type, you can
# prepend the directory name with a letter representing the type (A, P or V),
# followed by a comma, as so:
#   * "A" for audio    (eg. media_dir=A,/var/lib/minidlna/music)
#   * "P" for pictures (eg. media_dir=P,/var/lib/minidlna/pictures)
#   * "V" for video    (eg. media_dir=V,/var/lib/minidlna/videos)
#   * "PV" for pictures and video (eg. media_dir=PV,/var/lib/minidlna/digital_camera)
media_dir=/var/lib/minidlna

 

On my media server the path I added looked like the following to include two locations for my video files:

media_dir=V,/media/Data/Videos

media_dir=V,/Videos

 

Now set friendly name entry for the media server

friendly_name=MediaServer

 

and enable Automatic Discovery of new media

# Automatic discovery of new files in the media_dir directory.
inotify=yes

 

The rest of the settings can remain unchanged

Now restart MiniDLNA

sudo minidland –R

and reload the database

sudo service minidlna force-reload

 

If you want to display the limited web interface status for MiniDLNA, open a web browser enter the servers ip address on port 8200

e.g. 192.168.1.123:8200

You will see something similar to the screen below:

image 

For additional help in configuring MiniDLNA see the Ubuntu Wiki.

[Note: The default location of the MiniDLNA database (files.db) is in /lib/cache/minidlna, the manpages documentation is incorrect]

To test that MiniDLNA is working, launch VLC and select View > Playlist

image

 

Expand out under Local Network Universal Plug ‘n’ Play and find your MiniDLNA server by the friendly name given earlier. The following content will be displayed.

image

If you wish you can play the content from within VLC by clicking on one of the videos!

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5 thoughts on “Mini How To…. Installing MINIDLNA in Ubuntu

  1. Your command to restart the server has a typo, and I had to use “sudo service minidlna restart” instead.

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